Kazakhstan: Protect Womens Rights Human Rights Watch

You can use it in Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and other Eastern European countries. Basically, it’ll serve you far better in most of the world than Kazakh will. The two official languages of Kazakhstan are Kazakh and Russian. Most people, especially the younger crowd, are fluent in both.

  • In Figure 4, below, Level 1 objectification is the lowest and is defined by a human character who is used to sell a product in a highly relevant way that does not rely solely on their appearance.
  • The dramatic scenario of the AIDS/HIV spread in other countries can be repeated in Kazakhstan where the society is not ready to independently cope with the solution of this problem.
  • Kazakhstan women want a man who is going to lead the interaction, so don’t be afraid to make decisions on the venue and time.
  • It is perhaps not surprising that the name Sapura/Sapara Matenkyzy – a warrior woman who led units of up to 10,000 people in the 18th century does not sound familiar to most people.
  • There are so many police and so many different units that it is often that jurisdiction is unclear.

High quality shashlik in large quantities is served at home on special occasions or if an animal is slaughtered. The villages and collective farms of Kazakhstan were of a different kind of Soviet architecture. Small two- to three-room, one-story houses, usually painted white and light blue , adorn the countryside in Kazakhstan. The government built all houses, and there was no individualizing, excessive decorating, or architectural innovation. Very few, if any, houses were allowed to be more than one story high. A big house or an elaborate apartment was thought to be gaudy and very bourgeois. Russian settlers in Kazakhstan also had an effect on Kazakhstani architecture.

Reporting a Problem

It is also important to note that content and statistical analysis of media only inform us about gender roles but don’t determine how humans feel about and express their gender identity. That is to say that the data gathered on Kazakh gender roles through my research may either challenge or support how Kazakh people actually understand and perform their gender roles but does not definitively identify gender roles in Almaty. The visuals we encounter every day present us with messages that convey cultural norms and values; billboards, magazines, books, television, and social media provide information about culture and gender, which are mutually informative.

Every district in the country has a hospital, and medical care is free; patients only pay for drugs and specialized tests and care. Mothers usually stay in the hospital with their infants for a few days after birth. Some Kazakhs practice a custom of not letting anyone besides close family members see a newborn for the first forty days of life; then the family holds a small party and presents the baby to extended family and friends. Babies are well cared for and cherished by all cultures in Kazakhstan. Independence and access to markets have brought improved access to infant care products. Kin groups are central to the life of almost every Kazakh life. Who you are, who your family is, and where you are from are very important.

This accelerated and eased the process of giving up the borik. There is a chapter in my book about the extent to which the Soviet project was reflected in the lives of specific women. How did the rapid changes that took place in Kazakh society during Soviet-style modernization affect the lives of women? How did they feel within themselves during this difficult time? To what extent did they let the revolution and Soviet ideology in?


The billboards could advertise anything, but they had to feature a human character in some way. Billboards differ from magazines in that they target a much larger and broader audience, whereas the magazines generally target a specific gender and type of person. I analyzed a total of eighty-nine images from magazines and billboards. I started by purchasing magazines at a local grocery store, choosing three that targeted female audiences and three that targeted male audiences. For the female-target magazines, I analyzed Cosmopolitan Kazakhstan, Harper’s Bazaar Russia, and Caravan, a local Kazakh magazine. For male-target magazines, I looked at Men’s Health Russia, Forbes Kazakhstan, and GQ Russia.

Kazakhstan, which officially became a full Soviet socialist republic in 1936, was an important but often neglected place during Soviet times. It was to Kazakhstan that Joseph Stalin exiled thousands of prisoners to some of his most brutal gulags. It was also to Kazakhstan that he repatriated millions of people of all different ethnicities, in an effort to “collectivize” the Soviet Union. Kazakhstan was also the site of the Soviet nuclear test programs and Nikita Khrushchev’s ill-conceived “Virgin Lands” program. These seventy years seem to have had a profound and long-lasting effect on these formerly nomadic people. Though I would need to conduct further research to examine how Kazakh people actually understand and perform their gender and how that influences their political views, my current research provides the foundation for such explorations.

The reasons and even the process of marriage in Kazakhstan are also very similar. While years ago it was common for women to marry very young, times have changed; education has become much more important for both genders, and marriages for people in their mid-twenties are becoming more common. Marriages are not arranged by the parents but are usually formed through dating and courtship. My research revealed that Kazakh gender roles in urban Almaty prescribe relatively strict guidelines for how women and men should present their gender. Females are represented as putting great value on their outward appearance and beauty, including thinness, fashion, makeup, and jewelry. Women are also portrayed as being passive homemakers, rather than decisive and authoritative businesswomen.

Those who self-reported as testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 were more likely to work longer hours per week, rate PPE more poorly, and suffer from a higher level of emotional exhaustion; no differences were seen by gender. Frontline health-care workers, especially medical doctors, experienced longer working hours during the pandemic with no differences by gender. There was a median increase of 8 hours per week with an additional increase of 5 hours per week during the peak of the epidemiological situation. There were no differences in access to PPE or training based on gender. However, women were significantly less likely to use isolated living facilities while working on the frontline due to their responsibilities for household care.

The authorities routinely deny permission to hold peaceful protests, forcibly disperse demonstrations, and fine or detain peaceful protesters. During 2021, the police have increasingly used the controversial crowd control tactic known as kettling – surrounding and confining protestors in small areas – to detain groups on the street for hours on end. The officials asked the organizers to withdraw their application for the march. The activists refused and told officials that they would insist on their right to hold the march.

Pension levels have not kept up with inflation, and pensions are rarely paid on time, with those elderly, disabled, or unemployed often going months without payment. The major industries of Kazakhstan are oil, coal, ore, lead, zinc, gold, silver, metals, construction materials, and small motors. Kazakhstan produces 40 percent of the world’s chrome ore, second only to South Africa.

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